Galliprant and Its Side Effects in Dogs

When your four-legged friend is suffering from osteoarthritis or other joint pain, finding relief can be a top priority. One common option vets recommend is Galliprant. This drug is generally considered safe, but like any medication, it has potential side effects that pet owners should be aware of.

What is Galliprant?

Galliprant (grapiprant tablets) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) specifically designed for treating canine osteoarthritis. It works by targeting the EP4 receptor, a primary mediator of canine osteoarthritis pain and inflammation. The goal is to reduce discomfort and improve mobility, making it easier for your furry friend to get around and enjoy their life.

Potential Side Effects of Galliprant

While Galliprant has shown its effectiveness in alleviating joint pain and inflammation, there may be side effects. As with any medication, how your dog responds will depend on various factors, including their overall health, age, and size.

Gastrointestinal Issues

The most commonly reported side effect of Galliprant is gastrointestinal upset, which can manifest as vomiting, diarrhea, or changes in appetite. This is why it’s recommended to administer Galliprant with a full meal to minimize the potential for stomach upset.

Behavioral Changes

Some dog owners have reported behavioral changes in their pets after starting Galliprant. These may include increased panting, trembling, or lethargy. If your dog shows significant changes in behavior or energy levels, it may be worth discussing with your vet.

Allergic Reactions

While rare, allergic reactions can occur with any medication. Signs may include hives, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat. If you suspect an allergic reaction, contact your vet immediately.

Galliprant and Other Health Concerns

Liver and Kidney Health

Like many NSAIDs, Galliprant is processed through the liver and kidneys. Thus, if your pet has liver or kidney disease, Galliprant might not be the safest choice. Your vet will likely perform routine blood tests to monitor your dog’s liver and kidney function while on the medication.

Drug Interactions

There are no known negative interactions between Galliprant and most other medications. However, it’s always crucial to inform your vet of all medications and supplements your dog is currently taking.

Final Thoughts

While the potential side effects of Galliprant might seem daunting, it’s essential to remember that the majority of dogs tolerate this medication well. Side effects are typically mild and temporary.

However, it’s crucial to monitor your pet closely after starting any new medication, including Galliprant. If you notice any changes or symptoms that concern you, contact your vet right away. In most cases, the benefits of improved mobility and reduced pain outweigh the potential side effects.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Long Can a Dog Stay on Galliprant?

The duration a dog can stay on Galliprant largely depends on their individual health status and how well they respond to the medication. Some dogs may need short-term treatment, while others with chronic conditions like osteoarthritis might require long-term use. Your vet will determine the appropriate duration based on your dog’s needs and monitor their health throughout the treatment period.

Is Galliprant Safe for Dogs?

Generally, Galliprant is considered safe for use in dogs. It was specifically developed for canines and has undergone rigorous testing to ensure its safety and efficacy. As with any medication, there can be side effects, but they’re typically mild and not common. Your vet will discuss these potential risks and benefits before starting your dog on Galliprant.

Can Galliprant Affect My Dog’s Kidneys?

While Galliprant is processed by the liver and kidneys, it’s generally considered safer than many traditional NSAIDs, particularly regarding potential kidney damage. However, dogs with pre-existing liver or kidney issues should be monitored closely while on Galliprant, and alternative medications may be considered.

How Much Galliprant is Safe for Dogs?

The safe dosage of Galliprant depends on your dog’s weight. Typically, the recommended dosage is 0.9 mg/lb (2 mg/kg) once a day. However, your vet will determine the most appropriate dosage for your pet. It’s essential never to exceed the prescribed dosage, as it can increase the risk of side effects.

Can Galliprant Be Given Twice a Day?

Galliprant is typically given once a day. However, your vet might adjust the dosage frequency depending on your dog’s condition and how they respond to the medication. Always follow the dosage instructions provided by your vet.

Can Galliprant Cause Increased Thirst in Dogs?

Increased thirst is not typically listed as a common side effect of Galliprant. However, every dog is unique, and individual responses to medications can vary. If you notice a sudden increase in your dog’s thirst or other changes in behavior, consult your vet.

Can Galliprant Be Given with Other Medications?

In general, Galliprant can be safely given with other medications. There are no known negative interactions with most common canine medications. However, always inform your vet about any other drugs or supplements your dog is taking to ensure safety.

What Happens If My Dog Takes Too Much Galliprant?

If your dog accidentally ingests more Galliprant than prescribed, contact your vet immediately. Overdosing can increase the risk of side effects, including severe gastrointestinal problems. Typical signs of an overdose might include vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, and loss of appetite.

Can Galliprant Make My Dog Sleepy?

While lethargy or decreased energy levels have been reported in some dogs taking Galliprant, it’s not a widespread side effect. Each dog’s reaction to medication is different. If your dog seems overly sleepy or has a significant change in their behavior, it’s a good idea to discuss this with your vet.

Can Galliprant Cause Behavioral Changes in My Dog?

Generally, Galliprant does not typically lead to noticeable behavioral changes. However, as with any medication, individual dogs may respond differently. If your dog exhibits new or concerning behaviors after starting Galliprant, contact your vet for advice.

Does Galliprant Provide Immediate Relief?

Galliprant is designed to provide relief from pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis in dogs. However, the speed at which your dog experiences relief can vary. Some dogs may show signs of improvement within a few hours, while others might require several days of consistent treatment to see noticeable results.

What Should I Do if My Dog Misses a Dose of Galliprant?

If your dog misses a dose of Galliprant, give the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it’s almost time for the next dose, skip the missed one and return to the regular schedule. Never give two doses at once.

Can Galliprant be Used in Conjunction with Physical Therapy?

Yes, Galliprant can be used in conjunction with physical therapy. It helps manage the pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis, making it easier for dogs to participate in physical therapy sessions.

Is Galliprant Safe for Puppies?

Galliprant is approved for use in dogs who are 9 months of age and older, weighing at least 8 lbs. It’s not recommended for puppies under 9 months due to the lack of safety data.

Can Galliprant Cause Weight Changes in Dogs?

Weight changes are not a commonly reported side effect of Galliprant. However, if your dog experiences significant weight gain or loss while taking Galliprant, you should consult your vet.

Is Galliprant the Same as Rimadyl?

While Galliprant and Rimadyl (Carprofen) are both used to treat pain and inflammation in dogs, they are not the same medication. They belong to different classes of drugs and work in different ways. Your vet can help determine which medication is most suitable for your dog’s needs.

What Should I Do if My Dog Shows Adverse Reactions to Galliprant?

If your dog exhibits signs of an adverse reaction to Galliprant such as vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, or any unusual behavior, contact your vet immediately. They may suggest adjusting the dosage or switching to a different medication.

Can Galliprant Treat Other Conditions Besides Osteoarthritis?

Currently, Galliprant is FDA-approved for managing pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis in dogs. While it might potentially have other applications, these are not officially recognized, and its use for other conditions should be based on a vet’s professional judgment.

Can I Stop Giving My Dog Galliprant Suddenly?

No, it’s not advisable to abruptly stop any medication, including Galliprant, without consulting your veterinarian first. Although Galliprant does not require a tapering process like some drugs, your vet should still be informed of any changes to ensure your pet’s health and well-being.

Is Galliprant a Steroid?

No, Galliprant is not a steroid. It is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) specifically designed to target pain and inflammation caused by osteoarthritis in dogs.

Can Galliprant Cause Allergic Reactions in Dogs?

While rare, it’s possible for dogs to have an allergic reaction to Galliprant. Signs of an allergic reaction can include itching, hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue. If you notice any of these symptoms, seek veterinary attention immediately.

Does Galliprant Interact with Other Medications?

Galliprant can potentially interact with certain other medications, such as corticosteroids, other NSAIDs, or medications that affect kidney function. It’s essential to inform your veterinarian about all the medications your dog is currently taking.

Can I Give My Dog Galliprant During Pregnancy?

The safety of Galliprant in pregnant, breeding, or lactating dogs has not been evaluated. Therefore, it’s crucial to inform your vet if your dog is pregnant or if you plan to breed your dog while they are on Galliprant.

Can Galliprant Cause Changes in Urination?

While changes in urination are not a common side effect of Galliprant, any changes in your dog’s usual behavior, including urination patterns, should be reported to your veterinarian.

Does Galliprant Affect a Dog’s Appetite?

Some dogs might experience a decrease in appetite when first starting on Galliprant. However, this side effect is typically temporary. If your dog’s appetite doesn’t improve or if they lose weight, contact your vet.

Can Galliprant Help My Dog with Post-Operative Pain?

While Galliprant is specifically approved for managing osteoarthritis-related pain in dogs, it may also be used off-label for other types of pain management, including post-operative pain, at your vet’s discretion. Always consult with your vet before using Galliprant for unapproved indications.

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