Ibuprofen is a popular over-the-counter medication used for pain relief. When given to dogs, ibuprofen can cause adverse effects on their health and well-being. This article examines several important questions about giving dogs ibuprofen.
Can dogs take ibuprofen?
Ibuprofen is contraindicated in dogs due to its narrow margin of safety and the potential for serious side effects.
Ibuprofen is an anti-inflammatory drug used in humans for pain relief and fever reduction. In dogs, ibuprofen has a narrow margin of safety and is a frequent toxicosis reported to the APCC.
The prognosis depends on the amount ingested, the severity of signs, and the treatment. Prompt and aggressive decontamination and supportive care are essential to improve the chances of recovery.
I can’t believe how many dogs get into ibuprofen. It’s one of the most common things that we see in our practice and it can be really dangerous.
“My 5-year-old Golden Retriever weighs around 100 lbs. He was unresponsive, couldn’t walk, and panting excessively. I took him to the vet where they informed me he had DIED of an ibuprofen overdose. I have no idea how he got into my bottle of Advil, but the cap was off. I am devastated. Hang on to your medication! Don’t assume that your pet is safe from your medication just because you keep it out of reach!”
“My dog ate ibuprofen a few hours ago. He’s a 29lb mutt and he should have been fine but he started throwing up immediately. I couldn’t get him to eat or drink, so I made an emergency vet appointment for 7 am this morning. By the time I got there, it was too late, he died in my arms. Toxic levels of ibuprofen can be fatal to dogs and cats. Always keep your pills out of reach of your pets.”
How much ibuprofen is toxic to dogs?
The toxic dose of ibuprofen varies widely from dog to dog depending on the health of the animal and the amount ingested.
- Doses as low as 25 mg/kg or 12 mg/lb have been reported to cause vomiting in dogs.
- At doses greater than 175 mg/kg or 85mg/lb, the risk of acute renal failure in dogs increases dramatically.
- At doses greater than 400 mg/kg or 181 mg/lb, central nervous system effects can be seen in dogs including depression, seizures, and coma.
- The lowest reported lethal dose was 600 mg/kg or 272 mg/lb.
How long does it take for ibuprofen to make a dog sick?
Within 12 hours after ingestion, signs of toxicity can begin to appear in dogs. The lower the dosage, the safer it is for your dog. The primary toxicity of this drug is ulcers and bleeding in the stomachs of all animals.
If you suspect that your dog has ingested ibuprofen, contact your veterinarian immediately. If you wait too long before seeking veterinary help, ibuprofen poisoning can lead to serious complications within the body.
What can I do if my dog ate ibuprofen?
Symptoms of ibuprofen toxicity can occur quite quickly after ingestion, so you should call your vet as soon as you know or suspect your dog to have eaten Ibuprofen or any medication containing it.
If ingestion was very recent (only minutes ago) your vet may advise you to induce vomiting or ask you to bring your dog to the surgery so they can induce vomiting. You should never do this without veterinary advice.
Take the ibuprofen or medication containing it with you to the vet so they can see the dosage. This will enable them to accurately calculate the dosage of medication needed to treat your dog.
At the surgery, the vet will take a blood and urine sample to check your dog’s kidney function. They will also check for gastrointestinal damage and any neurological signs of Ibuprofen toxicity.
To ensure all the ibuprofen has been absorbed or eliminated from your dog’s system, the vet may give them activated charcoal. In more serious cases they will perform a gastric lavage (stomach pumping).
If kidney damage has occurred, your dog may require blood or plasma transfusions and fluid therapy. Veterinarians may also prescribe anticonvulsant medications if your dog has suffered any seizures since eating ibuprofen.
Never give your dog human medication, even if you think it is safe or someone has told you so. Dogs should only be given medication by a veterinarian as it has been thoroughly tested.
How do you induce vomiting in a dog who ate ibuprofen?
There are two main ways to make a dog throw up – using hydrogen peroxide (3%) or Apomorphine.
- Hydrogen peroxide 3-percent solution is the recommended medication for making a dog throw up at home.
- Apomorphine (a subcutaneous injection) is more effective at inducing vomiting in dogs than hydrogen peroxide.
Please note that it can be very dangerous to give your dog aspirin, ibuprofen, or other human medications. These are designed to treat pain in humans but can be fatal to dogs. Call your vet immediately if you think that your dog has taken any of these medications.
Is hydrogen peroxide safe for vomiting?
When treating your dog with hydrogen peroxide, you need to make sure that you are using a 3% hydrogen peroxide solution. This is the only concentration that will be safe for your pet. Any other concentration can cause a great deal of damage to their digestive tract and other organs such as their bladder and kidneys.
If you suspect that your dog has ingested too much hydrogen peroxide at once, you should contact your veterinarian immediately to prevent further complications from occurring.
Symptoms of ibuprofen poisoning in dogs
Dogs can suffer many side effects from taking ibuprofen, including:
- Lack of appetite
- Gastric ulcers
- Increased thirst
- Kidney or liver damage
- Disruption of normal blood flow
Conclusion of ibuprofen for dogs
Ibuprofen poisoning is a common occurrence in pets, and even small ingestions can result in severe poisoning. If you suspect your dog has eaten ibuprofen or another NSAID, call your veterinarian or emergency vet hospital immediately for life-saving treatment advice.
Vomiting should be induced (or gastric lavage performed) within 4 hours of ingestion to minimize absorption. Activated charcoal can be given to help adsorb any drug left in the stomach. Treatment with intravenous fluids and anti-vomiting medications may also be necessary. In severe cases, blood transfusions may be required. Most dogs that receive prompt treatment make a full recovery!