Nobody likes stinky dog breath and while it can be irritating, bad breath can be a sign of illness, so you should pay attention to the smell so you can try and fix the problem.
Your dog’s breath will smell different depending on the cause. For example, a dog will always have bad breath right after eating a meal since dog food has a strong odor.
1. Dental issues
If your dog’s breath smells like they just ate a dead animal, this could be a sign that they have dental issues such as gum disease, tooth decay or an infection. The smell is caused by decaying or infected tissue.
2. Kidney disease
A dog with breath that smells like urine most likely has kidney disease. Dogs that are suffering from kidney problems will often drink their own urine which is the cause of their foul-smelling breath.
3. Anal gland problems
There are a number of causes of fishy breath. Anal gland problems are the most common. The anal glands produce a unique odor which is what dogs use as their marking scent. If your dog’s anal glands are not expressed properly, the smell will build up. It is a dirty, smelly process and most dog owners prefer their vet to do it for them.
4. Cat poop or dead animals
Dogs are known to have an unfortunate fondness for eating cat poop. You may have a dog that loves to eat dead animals. Eating fouling smelling things will result in a foul-smelling breath!
5. Medical conditions
Sometimes you can’t quite work out what your dog’s breath smells like but it certainly isn’t pleasant. Diabetic dogs often have a sweet, fruity breath but in a “left out in the sun” kind of way. Other medical conditions that cause bad breath include liver disease (causes frequent vomiting), gastrointestinal issues or lung infections.
How can I make my dog’s breath smell better?
The first step to eliminating that foul odor is to work out the cause of the smell. As soon as you notice that your dog’s breath has changed or got worse, you should have them checked by a veterinarian.
Treating the underlying medical condition will often significantly reduce your dog’s bad breath to a more manageable odor.
Simple changes you can make in the home can also vastly improve your dog’s breath. Ensure that you are washing your dog’s water bowl daily and giving them fresh water. Dogs who drool are more likely to have bad breath and that drool often ends up in their water bowl.
Your next step should be to look at their diet. Good quality dog food made with fresh ingredients should not leave your dog with bad breath. A diet that is high in carbs is more likely to cause bad breath. Try to choose a dog food that has one or two protein sources, for example, chicken and beef or lamb and duck.
You can also promote better-smelling breath by adding in a small amount of fresh mint, sage or parsley to your dog’s meals. Mint not only smells great but is also tasty and many dogs like it. Sage has antiseptic properties and also helps to prevent the build-up of bacteria, so it is especially good for dogs with dental problems. Parsley improves digestive function as well as adding flavor and smelling great.
Just like we clean our teeth every day, you should be cleaning your dog’s teeth regularly to prevent tartar buildup, gum disease and bad breath.
Some dogs may not enjoy having their teeth cleaned, but you can train them quite easily to tolerate it. You can purchase specially formulated doggy toothpaste from your local pet store and also doggy toothbrushes that slide onto the end of your finger.
To clean your dog’s teeth, gently lift the lip so you can see the teeth and gently brush just like you would with your own teeth. Be sure to reach the teeth at the back as this is where bacteria and tartar will build up the quickest.
Give your dog lots of soothing verbal praise when they are calm and reward them afterward with a play session. Once a week is a good goal for teeth brushing but you can do it more often.