It’s heartbreaking to see your dog lose its appetite and start losing weight. Dogs with cancer and other serious illnesses frequently stop eating and drinking, and this can cause dehydration and nutrient deficiencies that make them even weaker.
Do dogs lose their appetite when they have cancer?
Loss of appetite is more common in some tumors than others. In general, cancers that affect the gastrointestinal tract are most likely to cause appetite problems because the tumor interferes with the dog’s ability to eat and digest food, or causes pain and nausea.
- Cancer cachexia can occur even if the dog is eating an adequate amount of food. The connection is to do with malnutrition. The dog may be eating enough but not getting the nutrients they need for their body to function normally.
- Chemotherapy alters the sense of smell and taste. Since dogs rely heavily on their sense of smell, they often go off their food while receiving chemotherapy treatment.
- Radiation therapy causes changes to various parts of the body as mentioned earlier.
- Swelling or inflammation in the mouth, throat, and stomach can make eating difficult, so many dogs lose appetite. Additionally, this inflammation reduces the absorption of essential nutrients, so the dog is not getting enough.
What to feed dogs with cancer and no appetite
Feeding your dog when he’s sick can be a challenge, but it’s important to get the right nutrients into him. If he has an upset stomach, food that is bland and easy to digest is the best option.
A chicken and rice diet is a good choice for a sick dog. It’s easy on the stomach and provides small, easily-digested pieces of protein to keep your pet going. Plain, unseasoned, boiled, shredded chicken is best paired with white rice. The white rice adds carbohydrate fuel to help a dog who isn’t eating maintain some energy levels.
Pumpkin and sweet potato soup is also a great choice for sick dogs. It’s not as high in protein as chicken and rice, but it is still very easy on the stomach. Replace some of the water with chicken broth for extra flavor and nutrients — this will make it more appealing to your pup while still keeping it low-key.
Baby food is another good option for ill dogs. It’s easy to swallow, and you can mix it with medication and feed it to your dog.
How can I stimulate my dog’s appetite?
It is natural for dogs suffering from cancer to lose appetite. Whether that is due to a loss of smell and taste or discomfort when eating, there are some things we can do to stimulate your dog’s appetite.
- Moistures and smell are important, so increasing both will help. For dogs with oral or digestive inflammation, wet food will be much easier to eat. The stronger the smell, the more enticing the food will be.
- Try feeding smaller and more frequent meals. If the dog is able to eat small amounts without vomiting or experiencing discomfort, they are likely to come back for more.
- Avoid giving medication and food together as this may cause your dog to avoid eating. If medication needs to be given with food, try hiding it in a treat your dog enjoys such as a roll of ham or lump of cheese. When they have taken this, you can then offer their normal dog food to eat.
- Try different techniques until you find the one that is best suited to your dog. Every dog is different and so too are their reactions to illness and medication.
Appetite stimulant for dogs with cancer
We have listed some options that you could try if your dog has cancer or is receiving chemotherapy or radiation that has side effects that hinder their appetites:
1. Rotisserie chicken
This is where you take the rotisserie chicken from the supermarket and blend it up with some canned food. The canned food will give it an appealing texture while the rotisserie chicken will add flavor. You can cut the chicken into tiny pieces so they don’t choke on large chunks of meat.
Mirtazapine helps stimulate your dog’s appetite by directly increasing the number of neurotransmitter chemicals in the brain that are responsible for stimulating appetite. Mirtazapine is used in dogs with nausea or vomiting caused by chemotherapy or radiation therapy treatment.
Meclizine is an antihistamine drug used to relieve nausea and vomiting. It has also been used off-label as an appetite stimulant for dogs with cancer. This drug should not be combined with certain other medications and it can also cause drowsiness in some animals.
4. CBD products
Most dogs with cancer develop anorexia or loss of appetite. This can lead to dehydration, malnutrition, and weight loss. CBD may help relieve nausea and calm the nervous system and digestive tract, making it easier for your dog to eat.
If you’re giving your pet CBD oil or another cannabis product, talk to your veterinarian about how to administer it safely. You should also keep an eye on your pet’s weight and overall health while they’re taking the medication. If you notice any changes, contact your vet right away.
What food is good for dogs with cancer?
To ensure your dog is getting all the nutrients they need, there are several things you need to consider when choosing their food.
1. Fatty foods
Cancer cells prefer using carbohydrates as an energy source and are less likely to target fat cells. A dog’s healthy cells need fat to function normally, therefore, a diet high in fat (ideally 20-40%) is recommended for cancer patients. A high-fat content will also help your dog to gain a little weight.
2. High-calorie foods
Similarly, a diet with a high-calorie value will help the dog maintain weight as cancer often causes a reduction in the absorption of nutrients. A high-calorie food means they have more nutrients available and will be able to put on weight
3. Protein foods
Protein is an essential nutrient in the production and repair of muscle tissue. Since cancer patients suffer muscle loss as well as fat loss, a diet high in protein can help to repair some of this damage. For dry food, the recommended protein content is 30-45%.
4. Low carbohydrate foods
As previously discussed, cancer cells like to use carbohydrates as an energy source, so the dog’s diet should be low in carbohydrates to avoid giving the cancer cells more energy. You should be looking for a dog food with less than 20-25% carbohydrates.
You should also consider providing supplements for your dog while they are receiving treatment. Many dog foods are fortified with certain vitamins and minerals but there are added nutrients recommended for dogs with cancer.
5. High-Arginine foods
Arginine is an amino acid that benefits the immune system. It is also considered to have an effect on tumor growth. A value of 2% or more is recommended, but unfortunately, dog food companies do not label Arginine on their packaging. Your vet should be able to recommend the best brands or you can contact your preferred brand directly to check their Arginine level.
6. Omega-3-rich foods
Omega 3 fatty acids are essential for dogs in daily life and more so when they are receiving cancer treatment. In particular, EPA and DHA which are found in fish oils are believed to have significant benefits. These fatty acids are known to have a direct effect on cancer cachexia. Many dog foods are already fortified with omega 3 so also check before supplementing it.
How long can a dog go without eating with cancer?
The answer to this question depends on the type of cancer, the size of your dog, and his overall health. In general, a healthy dog will be able to live for up to a week without eating, although it will start to break down its fat reserves after three days and lose consciousness after about 4 days. However, if your dog has cancer he might not last even so long.
The reason is that most canine tumors suppress the appetite due to cachexia. Cachexia is known among vets as “the cancer starvation” and even though most dogs will not starve themselves to death, their lifespan can be significantly shortened by this undesirable side effect of the malignant process.
Supplements for dogs with cancer
A dog’s immune system is compromised when it has cancer, so it’s important to support its body throughout the process by giving it natural supplements.
- Honey. Honey is rich in antioxidants and minerals that help dogs with cancer fight infection and boost their immune system. Add honey to your dog’s food or try a honey-flavored bone or chewy treat.
- Ginger. Ginger helps ease the pain of arthritis, which can be a side effect of some types of chemotherapy. You can add ginger spice to your dog’s food or give him a chewable treat with ginger flavoring.
- Bladderwrack. Bladderwrack is a type of seaweed that contains phytonutrients that have anti-cancer properties. Give your dog bladderwrack powder as an additive to his food or in treats that he’ll love.
- Cranberry extract. Cranberry extract helps prevent urinary tract infections, which are common in dogs with cancer because their immune system is compromised and they don’t want to move about as much as usual due to the tumors or other symptoms related to the disease.
Supplements are often used in conjunction with other forms of treatment, such as chemotherapy and radiation, to treat cancer. They can be used to support the immune system, address nutritional deficiencies, and enhance the quality of life for animals dealing with cancer.
Supplements are most effective when they complete a whole-body approach to cancer treatment. Using them as standalone treatments can be counterproductive or even dangerous. Since there are so many supplements available on the market, it’s important to find a veterinarian who is certified in integrative medicine and has experience with treating cancer with both conventional and alternative therapies.
Conclusion of feeding dogs with cancer and no appetite
When it comes to a dog with cancer and no appetite, if your dog is recovering from surgery or chemotherapy, they may need extra protein and calories in their diet. Talk to your veterinarian about specific recommendations for the type of cancer your dog has.
If your dog is experiencing pain, anti-inflammatory drugs may help them eat better and feel better overall. If they are suffering from nausea or vomiting, there are certain medications available that can help alleviate these symptoms.
If you’ve tried everything else and nothing is working, you may have to resort to tube feeding your dog with supplements. However, this should only be done under the supervision of a veterinarian since it can be a very traumatic experience for both you and your pet.
It can be difficult to feed a dog with cancer. But it’s important because good nutrition supports the immune system, helps fight infection, and gives them the energy to play and walk.
The most important thing to remember is that everyone is different. Some dogs will have preferences for certain types of food, while others will refuse to eat anything but homemade meals. And some dogs won’t eat at all until they are given medication.
It’s also important not to force dogs to eat if they don’t want to, especially if they’re vomiting or having diarrhea. If they’re in pain, then it’s best to consult your vet before trying any home remedies or alternative therapies.
Prior to feeding any new food, it’s important that you make sure your dog isn’t allergic to any of its ingredients. You should also take care not to feed foods that can worsen the symptoms of cancer.
Not all dogs with cancer will need chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Many veterinarians choose not to use these treatments unless absolutely necessary since they carry serious risks. Besides chemotherapy and radiation therapy, you may be able to help your pet using holistic treatments like acupuncture and massage therapy.