As dogs age and get older the joints start to wear out and arthritis can develop. This can cause pain and stiffness in your dog’s joints. In this article, we will review the most common help for dogs with arthritis in the back legs.
What is the best pain med for dogs with arthritis?
There are many ways to help ease pain and improve mobility in dogs with arthritis. From anti-inflammatory medications to natural supplements, there are many options available for treating arthritis successfully and comfortably for your dog.
Galliprant is a prescription medication that is used to treat arthritis in dogs. This medicine treats inflammation and pain associated with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip, elbow, or knee. It can be used alone or in combination with other medications such as Gabapentin.
A typical dose is 0.9 mg per pound of body weight, but this dose may vary depending on the condition being treated and whether or not you are giving it together with other drugs.
2. Carprofen (Rimadyl®)
Carprofen is an NSAID drug that may be prescribed as a long-term treatment for dogs with chronic arthritis. It should not be used in pregnant animals or those that have liver/kidney disease.
In general, carprofen is safe for long-term use and does not cause significant side effects in the lowest recommended doses. The typical dose of carprofen is 2 mg per pound of body weight given once a day or divided into doses of 1 mg per pound twice a day.
3. Meloxicam (Metacam®)
Meloxicam is another NSAID that can be used in dogs with arthritis. Meloxicam comes in liquid, injection, and chewable tablets that are easy for dogs to swallow.
Meloxicam should be used with caution to pregnant or nursing bitches, those that are dehydrated, on diuretic therapy, or those with existing kidney, cardiovascular, or liver problems.
The dosage of METACAM Oral Suspension is 0.045 mg per pound of body weight (0.1 mg/kg) once a day.
4. Deracoxib (Deramaxx®)
Deracoxib is an anti-inflammatory drug that works by inhibiting COX2 enzymes in the body. The drug was originally developed to treat arthritis, but it has also been used to treat other types of inflammatory conditions, including osteoarthritis and pain associated with surgery.
5. Firocoxib (Previcox®)
Firocoxib is similar to deracoxib, both are highly selective cox-2 inhibitors (coxibs), but firocoxib has better improvements than deracoxib.
The selective cox-2 inhibitors are also less likely to cause adverse effects on the GI, hepatic, and renal function than nonselective NSAIDs such as aspirin, phenylbutazone, and vedaprofen.
What is the best natural remedy for arthritis in dogs?
In addition to medications, there are many natural supplements that can help with arthritis pain.
6. Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate
Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate are dietary supplements that have been found to be good for arthritis in dogs. Glucosamine is most effective when combined with chondroitin because they work best when taken together.
These supplements are naturally occurring substances found in cartilage, tendons, ligaments, and bones. They work by stimulating the production of new cartilage and bone growth. They also help stimulate joint mobility by reducing inflammation in joints.
Glucosamine and chondroitin supplement does not require a prescription from your veterinarian — it’s available over-the-counter at most pharmacies and grocery stores.
7. Omega 3 fatty acids
Omega 3 fatty acids may also be beneficial for your dog’s joints. Omega 3 fatty acids are found in fish oils and krill oil, which is an important component of your dog’s diet. Omega 3 fatty acids can improve joint function, reduce inflammation and help prevent cartilage deterioration.
Curcumin is a natural antioxidant derived from turmeric, which has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects that can help reduce joint pain, stiffness, and swelling associated with arthritis.
More recently, research has shown that curcumin is a potent inhibitor of inflammatory cytokines and thus may be useful in the treatment of autoimmune diseases such as arthritis.
Boswellia is a plant-based supplement that has been used for thousands of years in traditional Indian and Chinese medicine to help ease the pain and inflammation associated with arthritis.
In a 12‐week pilot study, there was a significant reduction in pain score and stiffness compared to baseline measurements. The researchers also found that Boswellia improved joint mobility and comfort without causing any side effects.
10. CBD oil
CBD oil is an effective treatment option for many types of pain and inflammation in dogs, but it is important to understand that the medication has not been evaluated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for safety or efficacy.
To be on the safe side it’s best to avoid giving your dog CBD oil unless you know how to administer it safely and effectively.
The active ingredient in CBD oil that helps treat arthritis is called cannabidiol (CBD). CBD has a number of medical benefits, including:
- Reduced pain and inflammation
- Improved mobility and range of motion
- Better sleep patterns
- Reduced anxiety
NOTE: If your dog has an allergic reaction after taking CBD oil for dogs, then immediately stop using it. You should also consult a veterinarian before using any medication on your pet because some medications may interact with CBD oil.
What do vets recommend for arthritis?
Your veterinarian will start with oral anti-inflammatory medication like Rimadyl® or Metacam®, depending on the condition of your pet. These drugs have been associated with an increased risk of heart rhythm problems, stomach ulcers, and gastrointestinal bleeding.
The good news is that vets are now prescribing more natural products such as Curcumin, Boswellia, Omega 3 fatty acids, Glucosamine/Chondroitin supplements, and others for their patients.
Conclusion of help for dogs with arthritis in back legs
At the end of the day, your dog is a special member of your family and deserves to be treated as such. In order for you to do this, you need to understand how arthritis affects dogs and what you can do to help them feel better.
If your dog suffers from arthritis, you will want to take them to a vet as soon as possible. In addition to diagnosing the condition and prescribing treatment, they will also be able to advise on any additional care needed.
Dogs with arthritis should be treated with a combination of medications and natural supplements as needed. The goal of treating arthritis is to improve the dog’s pain and function while reducing the chance of complications.
In addition to pain medications, your vet may also recommend physical therapy or even acupuncture. These methods work by promoting blood flow to the affected joints and reducing inflammation. Physical therapy also improves overall joint function through strengthening exercises that increase muscle strength.
Finally, there is some exciting new research and development in the field of arthritis medicine for dogs. The future looks very bright for this disease.