The best way to treat mange or mites on your dog is by using a combination of home remedies and medications prescribed by your veterinarian.
How do I tell if my dog has mange?
The Demodectic mange leads to a gradual loss of hair over the body and thickening of the skin while the Sarcoptic mange is more localized but more irritant and severe in its effects. Thirdly, there is Otodectic mange that is restricted to the ears.
How to get rid of mites on dogs naturally
You can treat a dog at home with natural products like olive oil, tea tree oil, and lavender oil to kill mites and soothe the affected skin. To get rid of mites on a dog naturally at home, you’ll need to mix up some essential oils into a spray bottle or shampoo to get rid of the pests.
Apply the following lotion: mix thoroughly together 5 drops each of lavender and chamomile oil and 10 ml of evening primrose oil with 30 ml of olive oil.
If you suspect your pet has ear mites, here are some home remedies that may help:
Castor oil is one of the best home remedies for ear mites in dogs because it kills any existing mites on contact. It also helps prevent new ones from settling in your dog’s ears. To use this remedy, fill an eyedropper with castor oil and place several drops into each ear flap once per day for several days in a row until all symptoms go away. You can also use cotton balls dipped in castor oil as a way to treat the ears externally as well.
Neem oil is a good choice because it works as an insecticide and antifungal agent against many types of pests that may be living on your dog’s skin or in its hair follicles. It also helps with the itching caused by these parasites. Simply use a few drops of neem oil in each ear twice daily until your dog has been free of symptoms for two weeks — if you see no improvement after three days of treatment, discontinue use of this remedy and consult your vet immediately.
Aloe vera gel
Aloe vera gel helps reduce inflammation and heal wounds caused by the mites’ bites. Apply a few drops inside each ear once daily for two weeks until all the symptoms disappear.
How do you get rid of mange on a dog?
Treatment for each type of mange is different. Your vet can diagnose the type of mite affecting your dog and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
If the infestation is light, you may be able to get away with using a medicated benzoyl peroxide shampoo without any other treatment.
If the infestation is heavy, you may need to see your veterinarian for oral medication or injections.
Mites are contagious, so if you have multiple animals in your house, they will all need to be treated simultaneously.
1. Sarcoptic mange (Itch mites)
More likely to be the source of chronic itching is the infection known as scabies. This is caused by a mite known as Sarcoptes scabiei.
The pregnant female mite burrows up into the outer layers of the skin, forming tunnels into which she deposits her eggs. An allergic reaction to the mite and its eggs and droppings eventually develops and this produces intense itching.
It may take 4 to 6 weeks after the initial infestation for the allergic reaction to develop. The often widespread, itchy rash is usually worse at night or when the body is warm (e.g. after exercise or a hot shower).
Usually, the disease is noticeable first on the dog’s muzzle and ears. Later the legs and the trunk may be affected. Small pustular skin eruptions emerge and the hair covering takes on a mottled appearance.
The dog usually is intensely itchy and may rub large areas of skin raw. Puppies often develop a very dry skin with large scales and loss of hair in tufts.
The Sarcoptes scabiei mites burrow into the outer layer of the skin to lay their eggs. Fortunately, because it does not burrow very deeply, it is easily treated.
Insecticidal washes or medicated shampoos are usually prescribed as these are safe. Long-coated dogs should be clipped before treatment. Washes are repeated weekly until all signs of irritation have disappeared and the hair grows again.
2. Demodectic mange (Demodex Canis mites)
The second form of canine mange is caused by the Demodex canis mite which burrows into the deep layers of the skin.
Demodex canis mite is most commonly found in short-haired dogs less than a year old. The first signs are usually small hairless areas on the face and the outside of the legs.
The dog does not seem to be greatly irritated unless a secondary skin infection occurs. Staphylococcal infection results in pustules and small abscess formation which causes intense itching and matting of the hair with a thick scab.
Fortunately, demodectic mange is far less common than sarcoptic mange as it is far more difficult to treat. The parasite is less accessible to insecticides and special formulations have to be used to treat severe cases.
The uncomplicated disease in puppies is usually self-limiting and demodectic mange is not infectious to humans. Soaps and creams containing sulfur have been used as the standard home treatment for mites.
3. Otodectic mange (Ear mites)
Ear mites are tiny insects which can proliferate within the ear canal of a dog or cat and cause a chronic irritation.
Young dogs are most frequently affected and the animal reacts by rigorously shaking their head or scratching their ear from time to time. Examination of the external ear canal reveals a thick, reddish waxy exudate that completely blocks the ear canal.
The ear mite does not burrow into the skin lining the ear but its presence seems to provoke an allergic reaction and make the tissues more prone to a bacterial ear infection.
The mites are easily killed with normal insecticides once the waxy exudate has been removed to enable the medication to come in contact with the parasite.
Dogs prone to ear infections should have their hair removed from the ear canal regularly. Care should be taken, if the dog swims frequently during the summer, to apply some ear drops to the ears after swimming.
In some dogs, the regular administration of drops that acidify the surface tissues of the ear canal has brought about a dramatic reduction in the incidence of ear infections.
Conclusion of getting rid of mange or mites on dogs
Many different types of mites can affect dogs. The most common include ear mites, Demodex mites, and Scabies mites. These parasites are highly contagious and can spread from dog to dog through close contact.
In most cases, you’ll need to take your dog to the vet for diagnosis and treatment. Your vet may prescribe special shampoos, dips, or medications to kill mites on your dog’s skin.
If you have other pets in the house, you should get them treated as well (even if they don’t have symptoms). This is because some types of mites can live off hosts for several days, making it possible for them to spread between animals after treatment.
It is important to note that some dogs have sensitive skin and may react negatively to certain treatments or ingredients. Be sure to read the labels carefully before applying any treatment on your dog’s skin as some may cause allergic reactions if used incorrectly.
We hope this article has been helpful in your search for how to get rid of mites on dogs!