Urine tests are used to detect infection or other diseases. There are many different urine tests commonly used for dogs and many that you can use at home. If your dog has an ongoing illness, you may have to regularly test his urine pH, but what is normal dog urine pH? Let’s find out.
In a healthy dog, a normal urine pH is between 5.5 and 7.0 which is neutral to slightly acidic. Urine pH tests can be used to test for conditions in dogs such as diabetes, kidney failure and urinary tract infections.
Diabetes is a condition where the body cannot regulate the levels of sugar in the blood, so this would cause the urine pH to be acidic. Urine pH is also an indicator of kidney health as the kidneys are responsible for filtering acid from the blood and into the urine so it can be expelled from the body. If the kidneys are not functioning properly, the acid will begin to build up in the blood.
pH urine test for dogs
If your dog is diabetic or experiences frequent urinary tract infections (UTIs) a home urine pH test is a handy way for you to quickly check your dog’s urine pH without needing to visit the vet.
The most common way to test your dog’s urine pH is with test strips. They will test your dog’s pH as well as the presence of:
- Leukocytes (white blood cells)
Some test strip brands may test for more substances, but pH, glucose and blood are the most important. If the test strip shows a change in your dog’s normal pH level, you should contact your veterinarian for advice. They may suggest adjusting your dog’s medication if they have an ongoing illness or changing their diet to balance out their pH levels.
What is pH?
The term “pH” is an abbreviation of “power of hydrogen”. pH is a figure used to express how acidic or alkaline a solution is by the concentration of hydrogen ions. The pH scale runs from 0 to 14. Neutral pH has a value of 7, lower values are acidic and higher values are alkaline.
Let’s look at a few everyday items and their pH values.
Other everyday things we use or eat are also close to neutral, with a few exceptions. Milk is often used for soothing burns in an emergency as it is has a close to neutral pH and does not irritate the skin.
Citrus fruits like lemons and limes are highly acidic, as is tomato juice and soda.
Seawater is slightly alkaline due to the salt content and household cleaners are highly alkaline.
Spinach, kale and swiss chard all have an alkaline pH and are great foods to balance out an acidic pH in dogs if you can get them to eat it!