Pomeranians: Smart, Bark a Lot, Aggressive, Good With Kids?

When first introduced Pomeranians were considerably larger than the present-day specimens and weighed about 20 pounds. They were typical members of the Spitz or Arctic family of dogs and were mainly white in color.

Pomeranians: Smart, Bark a Lot, Aggressive, Good With Kids

Breeders concentrated on producing smaller dogs and some of the tiny ones were rather delicate. These very small ones were mostly incapable of breeding, and the present-day average is 4 to 5 pounds.

Unlike most other breeds, Pomeranian dogs should be smaller than the bitches. It is generally accepted that additional size is required in the bitch if the breed is to make progress. Most present-day judges form their opinion on the dog’s value from a breeding angle, and those deemed incapable of reproducing are not encouraged.

Years ago, Pomeranians of practically all colors were exhibited – blacks, blues, creams, chocolates, wolf sables, orange, whites, and beavers, even parti-colors were not uncommon. Today practically the only color seen is orange. This applies to practically all countries.

Pomeranians are very sharp little house dogs and resent the presence of strangers more than most breeds. Many consider them to be yappers, but this is generally due to the fault of their owners, who permit them to do as they please around the home.

Pomeranians, like any other breed of dog, can be spoiled very easily or trained to be well behaved just as easily. Although very heavily coated, and mostly leading an indoor life, they live to a ripe old age, are most affectionate, and make very attractive house pets.

This is one of the few breeds in which the hair is groomed against the grain of the hair, and require plenty of grooming to look just right. The hair is brushed towards the head at all times. The correct Pomeranian coat is a “standoff” one, namely, the outer coat must stand away from the body.

This coat is long, harsh to the touch, and is set off by a heavy breaching on the hindquarters and a long “plume” on the tail, which spreads fanwise over the back. The hair on the face and legs (to the first joint) is short and the body is covered by a very profuse, longish undercoat which assists the outer coat to stand well away from the body.

The body coat is rarely if ever, combed as this would remove the heavy undercoat, so characteristic of the breed. Color is the most important, too. Orange-colored Pomeranians should be a clear orange throughout, free from dark shadings, with breeching almost as rich in color as the body coat.

Orange sables are dogs with a base color of orange, with the tips of the outer coat black. These are most attractive, but the shadings should be uniform throughout and not in patches.

In all colors seen today, nose and eye rims should be black. Coat and color are extremely important in the breed, and in the show standard, no less than fifty percent, of the points are allotted for these points.

The Pomeranian is a short, cobby dog, standing on fine, straight legs. His tail should be set on high and carried straight up the back, and the plume on a good one usually just about touches the head when he is standing at attention.

The head is short and foxy in appearance; the skull is about twice the length of the very sharp muzzle, and the eyes are dark and full of brightness. The ears are pricked, set high on the skull, and the expression should denote brightness and intelligence at all times.

The action is another very characteristic feature of the breed. The rather high withers give the dog a perky, bouncing action which should suggest vivacity, and the feet should turn neither inwards nor outwards.

Conclusion of Pomeranians

Pomeranians are energetic, affectionate, and intelligent dogs. They are great companions for families with children and other pets. If you’re looking for a small dog that will keep you entertained, then the Pomeranian is a perfect choice!

They can be aggressive with other dogs so early socialization is recommended. They dislike being left alone for long periods of time, thus they make great companions for people who work from home or have someone at home during the day.

The Pomeranian has a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years. They are generally healthy dogs but as with all breeds there are some conditions that may affect your dog more than others.

Poms bond strongly with their owners, but they also love being part of a pack. They do well with children if they are raised with them from puppyhood, but it’s important to teach kids how to handle this little dog properly so they don’t hurt him accidentally or cause him any stress by playing too roughly.


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Hannah Elizabeth is an English animal behavior author, having written for several online publications. With a degree in Animal Behaviour and over a decade of practical animal husbandry experience, Hannah's articles cover everything from pet care to wildlife conservation. When she isn't creating content for blog posts, Hannah enjoys long walks with her Rottweiler cross Senna, reading fantasy novels and breeding aquarium shrimp.

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