Sometimes, it may be that your dog is simply coughing to dislodge something from his throat. Perhaps he ate too quickly. Dry food creates a lot of crumbs and this too can irritate your dog’s throat and cause him to cough.
When should I be concerned about my coughing dog?
A serious cough is often coupled with other symptoms such as nasal discharge, sneezing and general lethargy or weakness.
It is only natural to worry about your dog, especially if you suspect they may be sick. The cause could be a simple virus such as a cold or something more serious such as pneumonia or kennel cough.
The most important thing is to get your dog checked by a veterinarian, even if the symptoms are mild. Waiting to see if the symptoms worsen may put your dog at risk of further illness.
In the most serious cases, a dog may develop breathing difficulties due to their persistent cough, as well as a weakened immune system caused by a reduction in food intake.
Coughing in old dogs, puppies and pregnant canines is more worrisome than a cough in a healthy dog, as they have weakened immune systems and will be more susceptible to illness and infection.
Takeaway: Sometimes a cough is just a cough, but it can also be the beginning of a more serious health concern.
Home remedies for dog coughing and gagging
If your dog has a persistent cough that is not related to an underlying condition or the cough does not go when the illness has been treated, your veterinarian may prescribe cough medication. This is designed to soothe any irritation to the throat and prevent coughing.
You can also look at natural remedies rather than purchasing manufactured medication. Herbs to support the immune system such as ginger and liquorice root can help to alleviate coughing. You can also give your dog supplements such as vitamin C, echinacea and elderberry.
For a persistent cough, try manuka honey. It is packed full of antioxidants and its soothing texture will help to reduce the irritation in the throat. You can add a spoonful of manuka honey to a small cup of chamomile tea and allow your dog to drink it.
Chamomile has excellent calming qualities and will help to reduce your dog’s anxiety from all that coughing! Limit this to a small cup once per day and if your dog develops diarrhea do not give them any more.
What cough medicine can I give my dog?
The best cough medicine for dogs is one specifically formulated to treat coughs in dogs. There are different types of coughs and not all canine cough medicine works the same way.
For example, cough medicine for pneumonia will not be effective for a cough caused by kennel cough. The types of cough are different, as are the causes.
You should always speak to your vet, as they have extensive knowledge of animal medication and will be able to prescribe the most suitable medication for your dog’s cough.
Never give your dog human cough medicine as it contains substances that are toxic to dogs. Giving even a small dose can cause your dog’s symptoms to get worse.
Why is my dog gagging and coughing up white foam?
Coughing up white foam is a sign of several different medical conditions. The most common cause is a condition called kennel cough. This contagious disease is generally seen in dogs that attend dog shows, boarding kennels, and dog training centers. However, it can occur in any dog that has been exposed to other infected dogs or contaminated surfaces.
The second most common cause is bloat. Bloat is an acute, life-threatening condition in which the stomach fills with air and then twists on its axis. This event leads to the loss of blood supply to the digestive tract, which can lead to shock and death within hours if not corrected surgically. A pet that appears to be bloating will have a distended abdomen and may be restless, lethargic, and panting excessively. Pets with bloat should get immediate veterinary care as they are at high risk for shock and death.
Both conditions are serious emergencies, so if you see your dog coughing up white foam, call your vet or emergency vet clinic immediately.
Why does my dog cough when I pick him up?
It is not unusual for a dog to cough when picked up by the chest area, especially if the dog is excited or anxious, or in some cases, even mildly anxious. The coughing may also occur with exercise, excitement, eating and/or drinking, becoming overheated or mild pulling on the collar. Some owners report that picking up their dogs under the chest area can bring on a coughing episode.
Takeaway: Chronic or severe coughing may be a sign that something is wrong with your dog’s breathing system or respiratory tract. There are many possible causes for this behavior, including external irritants like viruses and bacteria, internal infections like heartworms, parasites, and even tumors. Because coughing can also be a symptom of more serious diseases, it’s best to speak with your vet right away if you notice this behavior in your pet.
9 common causes of coughing in dogs
There can be many different causes for coughing and gagging in dogs, including infection, heart disease, blockage in the nose or throat, and cancer. A mild cough should clear within a couple of days. If your dog has been coughing frequently for more than 3 days, you should seek veterinary advice.
1. Foreign object
If your dog coughs continually with his head down or he makes gagging noises, check in his mouth and towards the back of his throat. He may have something stuck that is obstructing his airway. if you can remove the object without pushing it further down then do so. Otherwise, take him straight to the vet.
It is a good idea to enroll in a canine first aid course. You will learn how to perform the Heimlich maneuver to help dislodge something from your dog’s throat. Do not attempt it if you do not know how as you can cause more injury to your dog.
2. Cleaning products
Certain cleaning products can irritate a dog’s airways and cause them to cough. If you have recently changed the brand, this could explain your dog’s coughing. Try switching back to your regular brand and see if the coughing stops.
If it is triggered by more than one brand of cleaner, you can either try to determine which ingredient is the cause or look at natural alternatives such as baking soda or white vinegar.
3. Weight gain
A recent gain in weight will make your dog’s normally comfortable collar feel quite tight. You should be able to easily slip one finger under your dog’s collar. You may need to loosen the collar, but depending on how much weight he has gained, a change in diet may be the better option.
Just like us, dogs can have a bad reaction to pollen or other airborne particles like dust. Does your dog cough when you start cleaning or does it get worse during the spring months? Your dog may suffer from hay fever or have other mild allergies. A simple allergy test from your vet will determine if this is the case.
Yes, dogs can develop asthma! You may also notice other symptoms such as excessive panting, weight loss or quick, noisy breaths. It is treatable, but you will need to have your dog examined by a veterinarian.
6. Other respiratory illnesses
Aside from asthma, respiratory disorders such as pneumonia and kennel cough or bronchitis will also trigger bouts of coughing or gagging. These conditions can be caused by an underlying infection or parasites like heartworm. The coughing will be joined by wheezing, lethargy, loss of appetite and fever.
Your dog will require a course of antibiotics to treat the infection or if the cause is parasites, a course of antiparasitic medication to control the infestation.
Canine flu is highly contagious. Caused by a virus, the most common symptom is coughing, along with sneezing, discharge from the nose, fever and loss of appetite. Older dogs are more susceptible to respiratory illness as their immune system is weaker than a younger dog.
7. Tracheal collapse
This condition is most commonly seen in brachycephalic dogs (flat-faced breeds) like the Pug or French Bulldog, but it is also common in other small breeds and elderly dogs. If your elderly dog is also overweight, this increases his risk of tracheal collapse even more.
Tracheal collapse occurs when the rings of cartilage that form the trachea start to collapse. This reduces the airflow to the lungs and causes the dog to produce a loud, honking cough or gag.
8. Heart failure
Heart failure is a common condition for elderly dogs. Their heart does not function as well as when they were young. A weak heart cannot pump blood as effectively around the body. This means that the lungs have to work harder to facilitate breathing. A common symptom of heart failure is short, unproductive coughing (no mucus). They will also pant more and become tired from very little physical exertion.
As cancerous tumors grow and spread within the lungs, they reduce the capacity of the lungs to intake oxygen. This causes the dog to cough or gag. It is also common to see blood brought up when the dog coughs.
It is interesting to note that the leading cause of lung cancer in dogs is second-hand smoke. So, if you are a smoker, don’t do it near your dog!