When it comes to treating allergic reactions in dogs, two popular options are Apoquel and Claritin. Both of these medications have been used for years to help alleviate symptoms such as itching, redness, and inflammation. However, there are some key differences between the two that pet owners should be aware of before deciding which medication to use for their dog.
Apoquel is a prescription medication that is specifically designed for dogs. It works by blocking the production of certain inflammatory proteins called cytokines. These proteins are responsible for the symptoms of allergic reactions, so by blocking their production, Apoquel can help to reduce or eliminate the symptoms of allergies. Apoquel is typically used to treat itching and skin irritation caused by atopic dermatitis, which is an allergic skin condition that is common in dogs.
Claritin, on the other hand, is an over-the-counter antihistamine that is commonly used to treat allergic reactions in humans. It works by blocking the effects of histamine, which is a chemical that is released by the body during an allergic reaction. This can help to reduce symptoms such as itching, redness, and inflammation. Claritin is often used off-label for dogs, but it has not been specifically approved for use in animals.
One of the main differences between Apoquel and Claritin is the way in which they are administered. Apoquel is available in tablet form and is typically given once a day. Claritin is available in both tablet and liquid form, and the dosage is typically given once a day. The dosage for both medications will depend on the size and weight of the dog, as well as the severity of the allergic reaction.
Another important difference between Apoquel and Claritin is the potential side effects. Apoquel has been known to cause side effects such as vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite. In rare cases, it may also cause more serious side effects such as liver and kidney problems. Claritin has a relatively low risk of side effects, but it can cause drowsiness in some dogs. This is why it’s important to consult with a veterinarian before giving your dog any medication.
When it comes to effectiveness, both Apoquel and Claritin have been shown to be effective in treating allergic reactions in dogs. A study published in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association found that Apoquel was more effective than a placebo in reducing itching and inflammation in dogs with atopic dermatitis. Another study published in the Journal of Small Animal Practice found that Claritin was effective in reducing itching and redness in dogs with allergic reactions. However, it’s important to note that both medications may not be effective for all dogs, and some may require a combination of treatments to manage their symptoms.
When deciding which medication to use for your dog, it’s important to consider the specific symptoms that your pet is experiencing, as well as the potential side effects and risk of interactions with other medications. Apoquel is typically recommended for dogs with atopic dermatitis, while Claritin is often used for dogs with allergic reactions that are not related to atopic dermatitis.
In conclusion, Apoquel and Claritin are both popular options for treating allergic reactions in dogs. Apoquel is a prescription medication that is specifically designed for dogs and works by blocking the production of inflammatory proteins. Claritin is an over-the-counter antihistamine that is commonly used to treat allergic reactions in humans and works by blocking the effects of histamine. Both medications have been shown to be effective in treating allergic reactions in dogs, but they should be used under the guidance of a veterinarian.