Metacam for Dogs Side Effects
Metacam, also known as meloxicam, is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) commonly prescribed to dogs for pain relief, particularly for arthritis. Like any medication, Metacam can cause side effects in dogs, some of which can be serious.
Here are some of the common side effects of Metacam in dogs:
Loss of appetite: Dogs taking Metacam may experience a decrease in their appetite, which can lead to weight loss.
Vomiting and diarrhea: These gastrointestinal symptoms can occur in dogs taking Metacam, particularly if they are taking high doses or have a history of stomach ulcers.
Lethargy and apathy: Dogs may seem less active or interested in their surroundings while taking Metacam.
Blood in the stool: In rare cases, Metacam can cause internal bleeding in the stomach or intestines, which can result in blood appearing in the dog’s stool.
Kidney failure: Long-term use of Metacam can damage a dog’s kidneys, particularly if the dog already has kidney disease.
Elevated liver enzymes: Metacam can affect liver function in some dogs, leading to elevated liver enzymes.
If your dog experiences any side effects while taking Metacam, it is important to contact your veterinarian right away. In some cases, a lower dose or different medication may be needed to manage the dog’s pain without causing side effects.
FAQs about Metacam for dogs
What is Metacam and how does it work?
Metacam is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to manage pain and inflammation in dogs. It works by reducing the production of prostaglandins, which are substances that cause pain and inflammation in the body.
What are the common side effects of Metacam in dogs?
The most common side effects of Metacam in dogs include vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and lethargy. Some dogs may also experience changes in their behavior, such as increased aggression or anxiety.
Are there any serious side effects of Metacam in dogs?
Yes, there are some serious side effects of Metacam in dogs, although they are relatively rare. These can include gastrointestinal ulcers, kidney damage, and liver damage. If you notice any of these symptoms in your dog, you should contact your veterinarian immediately.
How can I reduce the risk of side effects in my dog?
To reduce the risk of side effects, it’s important to follow your veterinarian’s instructions carefully. Make sure your dog is taking the correct dose of Metacam, and do not give them any other medications without consulting your vet first. You should also monitor your dog closely for any changes in behavior or appetite, and report any concerns to your vet.
Can all dogs take Metacam?
No, Metacam is not suitable for all dogs. Dogs with certain medical conditions, such as liver or kidney disease, should not take Metacam. It’s important to inform your veterinarian of any pre-existing medical conditions your dog may have before starting them on Metacam.
How long does Metacam stay in a dog’s system?
Metacam typically stays in a dog’s system for approximately 24 hours. However, the duration can vary depending on several factors, such as your dog’s age, weight, and overall health. If your dog is taking other medications or has a pre-existing medical condition, the clearance time for Metacam may be longer.
Can I give my dog Metacam twice a day?
The recommended dosage for Metacam is usually once a day. However, in some cases, your veterinarian may prescribe a lower dose that needs to be given twice a day. It’s important to follow your veterinarian’s instructions carefully and never give your dog more medication than prescribed.
What are the side effects of long-term use of Metacam in dogs?
Long-term use of Metacam can increase the risk of gastrointestinal ulcers, kidney damage, and liver disease. Other possible side effects include loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and lethargy. It’s essential to monitor your dog closely and report any changes in behavior or symptoms to your veterinarian immediately.
Does Metacam make dogs sleepy?
Drowsiness is not a typical side effect of Metacam, but some dogs may experience lethargy or decreased activity levels while taking the medication.
How long can a dog be on Metacam?
The length of time a dog can be on Metacam will vary depending on the individual dog’s condition and response to the medication. Your veterinarian will prescribe a specific dosage and treatment plan based on your dog’s needs. It’s important to follow their instructions carefully and not to exceed the recommended dosage or duration of treatment.
What is the best time to give a dog Metacam?
Metacam is usually given once a day, either with food or on an empty stomach. The best time to give it may depend on your dog’s feeding schedule and when they are most comfortable. Your veterinarian can provide guidance on the best time to give the medication for your individual dog.
How common are NSAID side effects in dogs?
NSAID side effects are relatively common in dogs, with vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, lethargy, and melena (black, tarry stools) being among the most frequently reported. It’s important to use NSAIDs responsibly and follow your veterinarian’s instructions carefully to minimize the risk of side effects. If you notice any symptoms or have concerns about your dog’s medication, contact your veterinarian.